Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and bike racing) is a motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles. Major genres include road racing and off road racing, both either on circuits or open courses, and track racing. Other categories include hill climbs, drag racing and land speed record trials.
Superbike racing is a category of motorcycle road racing that employs modified production motorcycles. Superbike racing motorcycles must have four stroke engines of between 800 cc and 1200 cc for twins, and between 750 cc and 1000 cc for four cylinder machines. The motorcycles must maintain the same profile as their roadgoing counterparts. The overall appearance, seen from the front, rear and sides, must correspond to that of the bike homologated for use on public roads even though the mechanical elements of the machine have been modified.
Supersport racing is another category of motorcycle road racing that employs modified production motorcycles. To be eligible for Supersport racing, a motorcycle must have a four-stroke engine of between 400 and 600 cc for four-cylinder machines, and between 600 and 750 cc for twins, and must satisfy the FIM homologation requirements. Supersport regulations are much tighter than Superbikes. Supersport machines must remain largely as standard, while engine tuning is possible but tightly regulated.
Endurance racing is a category of motorcycle road racing which is meant to test the durability of equipment and endurance of the riders. Teams of multiple riders attempt to cover a large distance in a single event. Riders are given the ability to change during the race. Endurance races can be run either to cover a set distance in laps as quickly as possible, or to cover as much distance as possible over a preset amount of time. Reliability of the motorcycles used for endurance racing is paramount.
There are many people interested and involved in the sport of motorcycle riding and racing. The sport of racing is much more popular in Europe than it is in the United States, but it is quickly gaining popularity all over the world. With more people getting involved in the sport there are also more injuries caused from crashes. Most motorcycle accidents and injuries happen on public roads to those who ride motorcycles for transportation and the love or riding.
Thanks to new technology those who have been injured due to a motorcycle accident or incident of some other kind that has left them with limited mobility can once again get on a bike and go riding or racing. Such modifications as automatic kick stands and stable bars that come down when a rider stops keeps them up right and stopes them from falling to the side when coming to a complete stop. There are also modifications made so that a person who cannot use their legs to switch gears can use a pushbutton gear changer on their handlebars.
There are also other modifications that can be made depending on a person's needs due to how much lower and upper body control that they have. Not every motorcycle is built exactly the same, each bike is completely custom made and adapted for the specific rider. From options that range on the different hand controls, the way the bike stabilizes and stands up when the rider stops, to the different ways a bike is modified to keep the rider's legs attached to the motorcycle.
Some people would think it is crazy to get on a back on a motorcycle after having suffered an injury or disability due to a motorcycle accident and crash. Those who do decide to ride again or try it for the first time do because it is what they love, and what makes them feel normal and alive.